Staff in 60 universities will go on strike for eight days over pensions and pay later this month, the University and College Union (UCU) has warned.
Union bosses warned university chiefs that strikes would go ahead between November 25 and December 4 unless they “respond positively and quickly” to their demands.
Last week UCU members in a number of universities backed strike action in two separate legal disputes; one ballot was on changes to the Universities Superannuation Scheme (USS), and another was held on pay, equality, casualisation and workloads in the sector.
Universities UK said they were hopeful that the pensions dispute can be resolved, but maintained the “resolution to the 2018 USS valuation is both fair and reasonable”.
The Universities and Colleges Employers Association (UCEA), which represents universities in the pay dispute, described the union’s demands as “completely unrealistic” and said it had “failed to secure its members’ support in the large majority” of universities.
The union disaggregated the ballots so only branches that secured a 50% turnout can legally take action.
Universities that will be affected include Bath, Leeds, Manchester, Sheffield, Nottingham, Bristol, Cambridge, Oxford, Leicester, Glasgow, Liverpool, Warwick and Sussex.
Read more: War of words worsens as pension strikes loom
Any general election candidate would be over the moon with a result along the lines of what we achieved last week
– Jo Grady, UCU
UCU general secretary Jo Grady said: “The first wave of strikes will hit universities later this month unless the employers start talking to us seriously about how they are going to deal with rising pension costs and declining pay and conditions.
“Any general election candidate would be over the moon with a result along the lines of what we achieved last week. Universities can be in no doubt about the strength of feeling on these issues and we will be consulting branches whose desire to strike was frustrated by anti-union laws about reballoting.”
It’s important to note that the number of UCU members who voted for strike action over pensions accounts for less than 10% of the active membership of USS
– UUK spokesperson
A spokesperson for Universities UK said: “We are hopeful that the dispute can be resolved without industrial action; but plans are in place to ensure that any potential disruption to students and staff is minimised. The resolution to the 2018 USS valuation is both fair and reasonable, with the additional costs of maintaining the current level of benefits shared 65:35 by employers and scheme members.
“It’s important to note that the number of UCU members who voted for strike action over pensions accounts for less than 10% of the active membership of USS. Out of those who voted in the pensions ballot, one in five members were against taking industrial action, and the vast majority of branches only reached the turnout threshold of 50% because of the numbers of members voting no.
“We are committed to ensuring USS remains one of the very best pension schemes in the country, and hope that UCU will now join us to consider governance reforms and alternative options for future valuations, which deliver a shared set of principles, increased transparency and a sustainable scheme.”
The union also said once UCU members return to work they will “strictly work to contract”, not cover for absent colleagues and refuse to reschedule missed lectures.
University staff took industrial action last year over the USS pensions, but UCU said the results of the subsequent Joint Expert Panel (JEP) which featured representatives for employees and employers had not been acted on.
A spokesperson for UCEA said: “Having achieved strike votes in only 57 of the 147 HE institutions where it balloted, we are dismayed to see UCU’s decision to ask its members to take such extensive and damaging strike action over its national pay demands.
“This is after UCU has failed to secure its members’ support in the large majority (90) of HE institutions where it also balloted following a big campaign over nearly two months. The other four trade unions also balloted over the final pay outcome and failed to achieve sufficient support from their members.
“Action of this kind will be damaging to students, lose UCU members money and risk undermining the collective bargaining arrangements.
“It is completely unrealistic in the collective pay arrangements for UCU to attempt to force all 147 employers to re-open the concluded 2019-20 national pay round. The outcome was already at the very limit of what is affordable and the ballots confirm that the vast majority of employees in these institutions understand the challenging context.
“The 25,398 UCU members who voted to support strike action over pay represent just 7.8% of the 325,000 employees covered by the national pay arrangements. Against a difficult backdrop employers have ensured that they have now all received an above inflation pay uplift at the minimum and many a much larger pay increase.”
Universities that backed strike action
Both disputes (43):
1. Aston University
2. Bangor University
3. Cardiff University
4. University of Durham
5. Heriot-Watt University
6. Loughborough University
7. Newcastle University
8. The Open University
9. The University of Aberdeen
10. The University of Bath
11. The University of Dundee
12. The University of Leeds
13. The University of Manchester
14. The University of Sheffield
15. University of Nottingham
16. The University of Stirling
17. University College London
18. The University of Birmingham
19. The University of Bradford
20. The University of Bristol
21. The University of Cambridge
22. The University of Edinburgh
23. The University of Exeter
24. The University of Essex
25. The University of Glasgow
26. The University of Lancaster
27. The University of Leicester
28. City University
29. Goldsmiths College
30. Queen Mary University of London
31. Royal Holloway
32. The University of Reading
33. The University of Southampton
34. The University of St Andrews
35. Courtauld Institute of Art
36. The University of Strathclyde
37. The University of Wales
38. The University of Warwick
39. The University of York
40. The University of Liverpool
41. The University of Sussex
42. The University of Ulster
43. Queen’s University Belfast
Pay and conditions dispute only (14):
1. Bishop Grosseteste University
2. Bournemouth University
3. Edge Hill University
4. Glasgow Caledonian University
5. Glasgow School of Art
6. Liverpool Hope University
7. Liverpool Institute of Performing Arts
8. Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh
9. St Mary’s University College, Belfast
10. Roehampton University
11. Sheffield Hallam University
12. The University of Brighton
13. The University of Kent
14. The University of Oxford
USS pensions dispute only (3):
1. Scottish Association for Marine Science
2. The University of East Anglia
3. Institute of Development Studies