Should we encourage international students to study in the US or the UK? Trying to decide which education system is better American or British is a tough call. The two countries share a rich tradition of higher education quality according to world university ranking. In fact, according to the statistics, top 200 universities in the world are in both US and UK. Interestingly, according to British Council, American employers’ prefer UK graduates thanks to the tutorial mode of learning, subject specification and focus on independent study in the UK. Despite the high quality of education and excellent learning environment in both countries, there is a significant difference between the two countries regarding the university structure and student life. We are going to explore various primary differences between the US and the UK education system of education.
1. Course length
The duration of course in the UK takes lesser years compared to the US. First degrees in the UK takes only three years compared to the four-year duration in the US. Additionally, postgraduate degree takes just one year compared to the two years in the US. That’s a year less tuition fee as well as living cost. Due to course length, many students prefer to study in the UK.
Tuition fee for international students in the UK ranges between £ 8000 to £ 20000 yearly. Some courses such as Medicine, Dentistry, and MBA may attract higher tuition fees. Nearly all private universities in the US charge a minimum of £ 20000 and higher tuition fees at Ivy League institutions.
3. Choice and specialization of courses
In the UK, colleges give the students opportunity to specialize in their chosen subjects while in the US universities offer a broad and general education with a variety of subjects. Therefore, UK has got wide course choice with extensive and very specialist courses. The courses are ideal especially when you know what you want to study. Law or Medicine in the UK is offered at a degree level while in the US a student is required to complete a “pre-med” course before you are allowed to enroll in Law or Medicine courses. Any help in assignments or essay-writing can be had anytime online from the websites like AdvancedWriters.com
4. Teaching Approach and Independent learning
UK colleges give the students opportunity to explore their area subjects. The universities in the UK encourage the students to study independently and access to scholarly sources outside the lectures. Additionally, this gives the students chance to learn more about the area of study. The UK universities lectures always incorporate tutorials accompanied by the lectures notes. The tutorials bring the practical aspects needed by the students.
5. Part-time jobs
The US has strict restrictions on off-campus work. International students are only allowed to work for a maximum of 20 hours a week on campus. It’s entirely different in the UK, where international students in tier 4 are allowed to work 20 hours per week off-campus.
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There are residential halls for students in both UK and US. However, it is easy to have your own bedroom in the UK while in the US you may have to share a bedroom with other students. Off-campus and private house types of accommodation are available after the first year for the US students. In the UK, dormitories are self-catered while the US counterpart often offers full dining option for the students.
7. Visa Rules
It is always difficult to obtain an American Visa since it accompanied with a rigorous procedure unlike opting to study in the UK. You will be required to renew your Visa after a certain period from your home country if you opt to study in the US. For this reason, many students prefer to study in the UK.
US degree vs UK degree
Finally, despite both high-quality education offered in UK and US, there is a slight difference in approach to the education system, each having various advantages and disadvantages. When considering to either study in the US or UK, consideration the differences outlined in this article, especially shorter course duration, favorable cost and specialization of the degree program in the UK. Many international students would prefer to have their studies in the UK.
American Grades to British Years
As with the American grades in the education system, British years vary depending on which part of the UK you live in. For example, in Scotland you do not have key stages.
Use the table below to compare American grades to British years. You will see that whilst the names are very different, the structure of the education system remains very similar. For example, reception in Britain supports children aged 4-5 years, and this in American grades is called Pre-Kindergarten (or Preschool).
What is 11th Grade in the UK?
The American 11th Grade is the equivalent of Year 12 in British years, and academically this is called Key Stage 5 by educators. It is a year of interesting debate in the UK, since pre 2015 pupils were allowed to complete school and work at 16 years if they so wished.
However in recognising the impact on children that leave the educational system at this age versus the pupils that stay to complete year 12 and year 13 (in British years), the government tightened up the commitment to make education compulsory until the end of year 13
This means that in British years the leaving age of a child in education is 18 years. A child does not have to stay in school until they are 18, but they do have to be a part of an educational system. Either:
- In College
- An apprenticeship
- Working and in part-time education or training
- Participating in home education
- Participating in voluntary work
In the united kingdom, there are 2 compulsory subjects that all pupils must take in addition to the key stages educational curriculum. They are sex and relationship education and religious education
Sex and relationship education (SRE) is given to all pupils aged 11 which in British years is year 6/7 or the end of key stage 2 (in British years). Topics covered in this classes are reproduction, your sexual identity and sexual health. Beginning sexual activity is not encouraged in any way, it is simply awareness, practical and factual advice.
Schools in the United Kingdom have all got a policy directly for sex education which can be obtained by parents when asked for at no cost to make parents aware of what is and isn’t being covered in the class.
Religious education (RE) has options for parents to withdraw their child on religious grounds if they so wish, but it is highly encouraged as knowledge share. Pupils also have the right to voluntarily withdraw from an religious education studies at 18 in British years if they so wish.
The syllabus for religious education classes are produced by local government offices in comprehensive schools and by the schools themselves in faith schools and multi academy trusts.